Exploring the benefits of Sensory Play for children26 Jul 2018
Exploring the benefits of Sensory Play for children
Squish, squelch, spin, splash, squeeze, bang, run, scoop, shake, drop, smear, toss, spray, and ooze – toddlers absolutely delight in exploring their world through their senses. It sounds (and can be!) messy, so you may often be inclined to cut this type of play short. But in fact, sensory play - play that stimulates any of a child’s senses - has an important role in a child’s health and development. Through it, your child builds cognitive skills and learns about their world.
What Is Sensory Play?
In essence, sensory play is simply play that engages any of your child’s senses. This includes touch, smell, sight, hearing, and taste. But it also covers movement, balance, and spatial awareness. When a child is born, their sense aren’t fully developed. They only mature over time as babies, toddlers, and preschoolers explore the sensory world around them. Each new experience they have with a different sense builds nerve connections that grow the architecture of their brain - but we’ll go more into that in a moment.
Characteristics of Sensory Play
The different characteristic of sensory play align to the five common senses, along with two additional senses related to balance and proprioception (the sense of where each body part relates to the rest).
Tactile Sensory Play
This is probably the type of play you’re most likely to think of when we talk about sensory play. Any time you see children exploring an object with their hands, they’re using tactile play. From tactile play, children can learn about pressure, heat and cold, vibrations, and so much more.
Vestibular Sensory Play
Rolling around, hanging, swinging, and jumping can all contribute to your child’s development of balance. This is because the sense of balance and movement comes from the vestibular system, which is located in the inner ear. Getting a child’s head into as many different positions as possible helps strengthen the vestibular system by activating various receptors in the ear.
Proprioception Sensory Play
Think of how you’re able to move your arms and legs freely without needing to look at them. That’s thanks to proprioception. Pushing, pulling, and jumping all help your child develop spatial awareness of their body. Through proprioception, children learn where they are physically in space and how their limbs relate to the rest of their body.
Auditory Sensory Play
Bang, boom, clash! It might not be your favourite type of play, but auditory play helps your child differentiate sounds and develop their hearing. Give your child a wooden spoon and a saucepan and you’ll see how they explore sound through play. Disclaimer: this might not be so kind on your nerves.
Visual Sensory Play
Visual sensory play helps to develop your child’s vision and sight. Think of how your child watches their “airplane spoon” as you fly it into their mouth.
Olfactory and Taste Sensory Play
It’s harder to gauge when a child is using their sense of smell and taste, but obvious examples include when they smell flowers or test the taste of their brand new building blocks.
Sensory Play Theorists
Jean Piaget is somewhat of a celebrity when it comes to developmental psychology. He was perhaps the first theorist of sensory play, suggesting that there was more to “play” than we understood. His theory of play (also known as developmental stage theory) states that play involves a systematic process of learning that can even be identified by stages. Piaget proposed that children need environmental stimuli and experiences to guide their cognitive development. Through sensory play, he suggested that children digest new knowledge and store it for later reference. In essence, he argued that sensory play was key to a child’s brain development.
Sensory Play and Brain Development: How Is It Good for Your Child?
We say that things may just be “child’s play”, but as Piaget argued, play involves so much that we don’t see. Experiences that stimulate the senses strengthen a child’s brain and create neurological pathways important for learning. This contributes to a child’s ability to finish more complex learning tasks. They also help children build their knowledge and understanding of the world around them, develop their language skills, improve their social interactions, and so much more. As Educators, we recognise the many benefits that come with sensory play and make it an everyday experience as part of the Oac Way. These benefits include:
Supporting Their Cognitive Development
Babies and young children have an innate curiosity to explore the world around them using their senses. Through sensory play, their brains learn to identify and sort different objects and differentiate various sensations, such as hot and cold or smooth and rough.
Through sensory play, children will learn about a variety of basic concepts, including language (by communicating their experiences) and maths (through filling, pouring, sorting, and so on).
Sensory play even helps them develop some scientific reasoning, such as cause and effect, by discovering how various materials respond to others or to certain actions.
Supporting Fine and Gross Motor Skill Development
Children develop physical abilities such as coordination, muscle strength, and dexterity through sensory play. They develop their fine motor skills by learning how to pinch, pour, shape, mould, and sort smaller objects. Playing with playdough, for example, helps improve their hand strength.
These skills will later become handy for such daily activities as buttoning and zipping clothes, tying shoe laces, or writing.
By squatting, jumping, rolling, pushing, crawling, throwing and moving about in general, children also develop their gross motor skills.
Supporting Their Language Skills
As children talk about their experiences, they learn new vocabulary, such as nouns and adjectives, to describe objects and materials and so develop their language skills.
Enhancing Their Memory SKills
This isn’t just one for the children! Studies have found that even for adults, engaging multiple senses in any task helps to reinforce understanding and retain information.
Boosting Their Creativity and Self Discovery
When presented with a new object or material, children explore various creative ways to discover more about both the material and themselves. Children can also become more confident and independent as they make new decisions about how to interact with their surroundings.
Enhancing Their Social Skills
When children engage in sensory play together, they tend to watch how others handle the same objects. Not only do they discover new ways to move, hold, or manipulate a material, but they also learn to share, plan, and negotiate with others. Calming a Frustrated or Anxious Child Sensory play can help children regulate their own boredom, restlessness, or other internal discomforts or distress.